Nutrition

Policies supporting healthy food access and proper nutrition are an integral part in the fight against obesity. Below is a menu of nutrition policies, sample language from cities that have passed policies and additional resources such as model language and factsheets to support the passage of these policies. 

POLICY AREA CITY EXAMPLE RESOURCES
Nutrition Standards increase the availability of healthy food and beverages in municipal facilities, programs and events. Specific policies include vending machine standards and contracts, healthy meeting policies, standards for food and beverages served in childcare and afterschool programs. El Monte, CA: Requires 100% healthy items in city facilities California Center for Public Health Advocacy's "Model Nutrition Standards for Vending, Snacks, Beverages and Meals"
Farmers Markets bring fruits and vegetables to residents. Specific policies include defining farmers’ markets in the comprehensive plan and zoning code, allowing markets on city owned properties, minimizing permit fees, encouraging them to accept the electronic benefit transfer card (EBT) and WIC coupons.

Fresno, CA: farmers market ordinance

San Francisco: farmers markets in parks, requirements to accept WIC, ebt, senior nutrition

Public Health Law Center’s Community Garden Policy Guide 2012
Community Gardens provide produce to residents, neighborhood green space, places for physical activity and opportunities for community building. Specific policies include defining community gardens in the comprehensive plan and zoning code and allowing gardens on city owned properties and discounting permitting fees. Chula Vista: uses vacant city property for community gardens Local Government Commission's "Cultivating Community Gardens: The Role of Government in Cultivating Healthy, Livable Neighborhoods"
Urban Agriculture encompasses the cultivation, production, processing, sale and distribution of produce, bees, poultry and small livestock in urban areas. Urban agriculture encompasses home gardens and urban farms as well as community gardens. San Diego: Robust Urban Agriculture and Community Gardens policies. Included are both the policy language and a summary table of the ordinance ChangeLab Solutions' "Seeding the City: Land Use Policies to Promote Urban Agriculture"
Mobile Produce Stands bring healthy food to underserved neighborhoods. Specific policies include defining mobile produce markets in the comprehensive plan and zoning code, allowing markets on city owned properties and minimizing permit fees. New York City: increases permits for produce carts in neighborhoods with limited access to fruits and vegetables ChangeLab Solutions' "Model Produce Cart Ordinance"
Corner store conversion refers to the process of bringing produce and healthy staple items into convenience and corner stores. It requires both a policy and programmatic approach grounded in partnership among municipalities, community residents and store owners. Specific municipal policies include comprehensive plan policies to ensure standards for access to healthy retail, loan standards, expedited permitting processes. Baldwin Park, CA: municipal loan standards for healthy corner stores Healthy Corner Stores Network
Grocery store attraction requires a complex set of policies and incentives grounded in partnerships among municipalities, community residents, developers, financiers. Specific municipal policies include comprehensive plan policies to ensure standards for access to healthy retail, loan standards, zoning language to facilitate land assembly and uses, expedited permitting processes. Los Angeles: healthy market opportunity initiative to support healthy grocery and restaurants PolicyLink's "Grocery Store Attraction Strategies: A Resource Guide for Community Activities and Local Governments"
Limits on Drive-Thru and Fast Food Restaurants allow cities to maintain a balance between chain restaurants and locally owned establishments, and to promote a balance between retailers of produce and healthy staple items, and retailers of fast food. Specific policies include zoning, moratoriums and conditional use permits.

Arcata,CA: limits total number of fast food restaurants to 9

Seaside, CA: prohibits drive thru restaurants in downtown

California Center for Public Health Advocacy's "Designed for Disease" study